Old age is a unique life phase characterized by various health, cognitive, emotional, social, and financial changes. Most people consider old age a problem-ridden stage of life, with aging problems usually occurring after 65.
The four major old age problems include:
- Physical problems
- Cognitive problems
- Emotional problems
- Social problems
Physical decline and illness are one of the biggest problems aging people experience. Deteriorating health may prevent a person from doing things you enjoy or interfere with their routine activities. Also, chronic illness in the elderly may limit or cause a loss of independence, which is distressing for most people.
Mental disorders and cognitive decline are often associated with old age. Aging adults are susceptible to dementia, psychotic depression, personality changes, mood swings, aggression, and other mental health issues.
The decline in health and mental ability makes aging people dependent. Lost independence can be a great source of stress. Additionally, many aging adults face emotional challenges such as feelings of loneliness and isolation. The death of a spouse and other loved ones can add to the stress, depression, and anxiety the person already experiences.
Transition to retirement often means limited social life. Also, the death of a spouse, friends, and relatives restricts the person’s participation in social life. Studies show that loneliness and fear of being cut off from social circles are among the biggest fears people have as they age.